The state of constant fear and anxiety in women usually occurs in a certain difficult life period – in case of loss of work, financial difficulties, after the birth of a child and in other circumstances. Normally, patients cope with their fear, calm down, look for a way out in relaxation. However, in some cases, fears can become a constant companion of life, and increased anxiety will cause insomnia and a number of somatic disorders.
Fear and anxiety are feelings given to man by nature in the process of evolution. In case of danger, they provide an opportunity to mobilize the body’s resources for survival or attack. In the process of experiencing fear, powerful biological processes take place – hormones are released into the blood, metabolic processes take place at an accelerated pace, sugar levels rise, and the heartbeat increases. In this case, it is necessary to differentiate anxiety and fear.
When it comes to internal discomfort, anxiety about the future, experiencing uncertainty – we are talking about an anxious state, but if there are reasons for feeling anxiety and anxiety, for example, speaking in public, flying on a plane, big dogs – we are talking about fear or phobia . When it comes to a constant sense of fear – the body and psyche experience tremendous overload, which leads to psychological and organic diseases.
Constant fear and anxiety in women is most often observed. This is due to the fact that women, unlike men, are more often guided by emotions rather than logic, in addition, they are subject to hormonal fluctuations. They tend to worry more, and there are plenty of reasons for fear and anxiety in the modern world – children and their future, career, family relationships, health, appearance, etc.
The development of anxiety can be affected by unfulfillment in one of the social roles – mother, wife, housewife, employee. Constant anxiety can develop into a chronic condition and cause a decrease in the quality of life of not only the woman herself, but also her loved ones.
Causes of constant fear and anxiety in women
According to statistics, 22% of women experience constant anxiety and fear, among men this percentage is much lower – only 16%. This condition can develop at any age – both young and old. Most often, constant fear is recorded in women from 40 to 50 years old. Among the causes of constant fear and anxiety in women are the following:
- Hormonal changes – transitional age, pregnancy, menopause infertility, sexual dysfunction.
- At school age – difficulties in relationships with peers, relationships with boys.
- At a young age – anxiety for career development, socialization, the development of relationships with men.
- Middle age – concern for children, appearance, family relationships
- In adulthood – experiences related to family relationships, health, anxiety for the future.
- In old age – worries about children and their lives, their health, fear of death, loss of loved ones and friends
- Reception of psychoactive substances – caffeine, alcohol, medications provoke an anxiety state.
- Organic causes – neurological disorders, migraine, cerebrovascular accident.
Diagnosis and treatment
Diagnosis and treatment of any mental disorder, including constant fear and anxiety in women, in a specialized center begins with a conversation with a psychiatrist. The doctor identifies complaints, collects an anamnesis and appoints additional checks. This can be an analysis of the hormonal background (sex hormones or thyroid hormones), a neurological check together with visual techniques (CT or MRI), psychodynamic examination.
After a detailed examination, the doctor prescribes treatment. The most effective methods with constant fear and anxiety in women is a combination of drug treatment and psychotherapy. If the tests reveal a hormonal imbalance, hormone replacement therapy and the supervision of a gynecologist or endocrinologist can be prescribed.
In Israel, in the treatment of fears and anxiety disorders, medications of the latest generation are used – antidepressants, anxiolytics. At the beginning of treatment, a minimum dosage of drugs is prescribed with its gradual increase to a therapeutic one. It may be recommended to take medications for up to a year to stabilize the condition.
Psychotherapy is selected individually – the work is arranged with the patient in such a way that she is as comfortable as possible during the treatment process, and at the same time, the techniques are effective for her and aimed at solving the main problem that causes anxiety. Clinic techniques not only help to cope with the current state, but also provide psychological tools for the prevention of pathological anxiety conditions in the future.